Browse shows on: Poverty, Progress, and the Rise of African-American Businesses and Professionals

The segmentation of the African-Americans into a new middle class and an existing underclass was a major theme in American economy and society during the last quarter of the 20th century. ABJ interviews with black leaders and reformers highlight the ways that the restructuring of the rustbelt economy perpetuated some barriers to achievement as it opened new opportunities to the increasing number of skilled African-Americans.

Colored People's Time 13: Colored People's Time 13: "Free Your Mind" Public Service Announcement ("Two Selves") (October 23, 1968)



Description: One of the creative aspects of the show is the incorporation of "Public Service Announcements," that take a satirical look at Black identity. This "Free Your Mind" clip explores the complexity of integrating ones public and private identities. Essentially, at the heart of the message is the idea that Black Americans may feel that in order to succeed in the corporate America they must assimilate and either imitate or adapt Eurocentric characteristics. It is only in private, among family and friends, that the ethic identity can be fully embraced. The clip challenges viewers to question if the two selves can ever be fully reconciled and brought together. Thus achieving professional success while still being true to one's ethic identity.
Colored People's Time 5: Colored People's Time 5: "The Making of a Rioter" (October 23, 1968)



Description: This segment examines public education in Detroit. Highlighting the unsafe infrastructures, lack of adequate resources, and substandard curriculum inner city youth grappled with everyday. The staff reporters interviews students at Northeastern High School to gain insight into their thoughts about the situation. The interview reveals the students' frustration, anger and disillusionment with a system that has all but forgotten them. The students have staged a walkout and formed a Black Student organization to address their concerns.
Colored People's Time 5 Colored People's Time 5 (November 14, 1968)
Guests: International Gospel Choir, Black Students Association, Arthur Ashe Jr, George Kirby, Bill Murphy, Gwen McKinney, Kim Weston, Marcus Belgrave, Thomas Bowles, Diane Carol, Hal McKinney
Host: Tony Brown
Producer : Gilbert Maddox, Tony Brown
Duration: 56:53:09
Description: The program opens with Hal McKinney's jazz band performing "Freedom Jazz Dance," featuring Hal and Gwen McKinney on vocals. Although they are not individually credited, it appears that at least two prominent jazz musicians, trumpeter Marcus Belgrave and saxophonist Thomas "Beans" Bowles, are members of McKinney's band...
Colored People's Time 5: Colored People's Time 5: "Free Your Mind" Public Service Announcement (Skin Lightening Cream) (November 14, 1968)



Description: One of the creative aspects of the show is the incorporation of "Public Service Announcements," that take a satirical look at Black identity. This "Free Your Mind" clip tackles the issues surrounding the use of beaching and whitening creams. Since the late 1800s Blacks who were unhappy with their skin complexion or thought they could change their social status by lighting their skin, engaged in the process of skin bleaching. Critics of the process argue that internalized racism and self-contempt have caused such individuals to accept degrading and negative images associated with Blackness, thus causing them to over identifying with Eurocentric standards of beauty. While skin whitening is one the most obvious forms of negating Blackness is discussions have also focused on hair styles, chemical process that are used to straighten hair, colored contacts, and cosmetic surgery that alters characteristically African features like the nose and lips. Skin bleaching creams are still sold and used today.
Colored People's Time 13 Colored People's Time 13 (January 22, 1969)
Guests: Inkster Community Choir, Lorenzo Wright, The Brothers of Soul, Stokely Carmichael, John Lewis, John Conyers, David Bing, Davis, Martha Jean Steinberg, Marcus Belgrave, Thomas Bowles, Carmen Murphy
Host: Tony Brown
Producer : Gilbert Maddox, Tony Brown
Duration: 01:01:04
Description: This program from the fall of 1968 is interesting for a variety of reasons. It's wide-ranging content mix of news, music, fashion, theater and cultural commentary offers fascinating insight into the concerns and interests of Detroit's African American community of the period. In addition, it provides an enlightening example of local television production style in the late 1960s. Moreover, the program is remarkable for the number of cast and crew members who went on to notable careers in the mass media and academia.
Blacks In Corporate America Blacks In Corporate America (1985)
Guests: Levi Jackson, Dr. Robert Newby, John Blunt, Michael Carr, Robert Hill
Host: Ed Gordon
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This hour-long program from 1985 examines the status of African Americans in America's corporate world, in particular, the barriers that prevent black executives from advancing into the upper levels of corporate management.

Dave Bing and Earl Graves Dave Bing and Earl Graves (1986)
Guests: David Bing, Earl Graves
Host: Ed Gordon
Producer : Dianne Atkinson-Hudson
Description: The search for economic autonomy and self-determination has long been an important concern in the African American community. This 1986 program explores the state of that search through a discussion between host Ed Gordon and two prominent African American businessmen: Earl Graves, editor and publisher of Black Enterprise Magazine, and Dave Bing, president of Bing Steel and a former member of the Detroit Pistons.
Julian Bond Julian Bond (1987)
Guests: Julian Bond
Host: Ed Gordon
Producer : Ed Gordon, Trudy Gallant
Duration: 00:28:53
Description: This program, in which host Ed Gordon interviews civil rights leader and former Georgia state legislator Julian Bond, was broadcast in January 1987 on the national observance of the Martin Luther King Holiday.
Black Folks (January 4, 1988)
Guests: John Conyers, Joe Wilson
Host: Ed Gordon
Producer : Ed Gordon, Trudy Gallant
Duration: 00:28:17
Description: This show is about the ramifications of recent massive GM layoffs for Detroit.
Guests include congressmen John Conyers; and Joe Wilson, the president of UAW local 15, who was recently laid off.
Entrepreneurship (June 6, 1988)
Guests: Porterfield Wilson, Sampson Mathews, Gerald Davis, Ed Vaughn, Larry Mongo, Thomas Hutcherson, Charles W. Butler
Host: Ed Gordon

Duration: 00:28:24
Description: This show is about relationships between black consumers and entrepreneurs. It begins with a recording of a speech by entrepreneur Porterfield Wilson, and comments from Reverend Sampson Mathews of the Council of Baptist Pastors of Detroit, and Gerald Davis of the Thursday Luncheon Group.

Guests include Ed Vaughn, president of the Thursday Luncheon Group and executive assistant to mayor Coleman Young; Thomas Hutcherson, vice president of the Booker T. Washington Association; Larry Mongo, a Detroit businessman; and Reverend Charles W. Butler, president of the Council of Baptist Pastors.
Casino Gambling (June 13, 1988)
Guests: Lawrence Doss, Helen Kelly, Keith Butler, Michael Jefferson
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Ed Gordon, Trudy Gallant
Duration: 00:28:42
Description: This show is about the allowance of more casinos in Detroit. Guests include Lawrence Doss and Helen Kelly, both of the Casino Gaming Study Commission; Reverend Keith Butler, president of the Alliance Against Casino Gambling; and Michael Jefferson from Citizens for Detroit's Future.
Airplane Pyramid Scheme (June 27, 1988)
Guests: Susan Watson, Richard Smart, Robert McTyre
Host: Ed Gordon
Producer : Ed Gordon, Trudy Gallant
Duration: 00:28:19
Description: This show is about the pyramid operation that was exclusively black, and whether that's the only reason it gained so much attention.

Guests include Richard Smart, the assistant deputy attorney general for Detroit; Detroit Free Press columnist Susan Watson, who wrote an article about the situation and has been receiving hate mail and threats because of it; and Robert McTyre of the Michigan Chronicle.
Erma Henderson Erma Henderson (1989)
Guests: Erma Henderson
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Trudy Gallant
Description: This program, originally broadcast in late 1989, consists of an interview by Trudy Gallant of Detroit City Council President Erma Henderson. At the time, Henderson was preparing to leave the council after her fourth term. Henderson, who was the first black woman elected to the council and the first black person to serve as the council's president, had passed up an opportunity to run for reelection to the council to make an unsuccessful bid to be elected mayor.
Old Hastings Street Old Hastings Street (1989)
Guests: Dorothy DeMorcia, Wardell Polk, Siliva Williams, Lyman Woodard
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This program from February 1989 crosses a range of categories as it explores the history of Detroit's black neighborhoods in the first half of the 20th century. Host Trudy Gallant discusses that history with a panel which includes two Detroiters who grew up in the Black Bottom/Paradise Valley area on the city's near east side, and the curator of a new exhibit about the period on display at the Detroit Historical Museum.
State of Black America State of Black America (January 1989)
Guests: Dr. Leon Chestang, N. Charles Anderson, John E. Jacob
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This program, broadcast in January 1989, discusses a report recently issued by the National Urban League assessing the economic and social challenges facing African Americans.
20th Anniversary Special (September 25, 1989)
Guests: Tony Brown, Gil Maddox, Abe Ulmer, Ron Scott, Juanita Anderson, George (voice only) Martin
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : James Jackson
Duration: 00:59:38
Description: This show is about the history of Detroit Black Journal, and is filled with clips from old shows.

Guests include the first host of the show, Tony Brown, Gil Maddox, who originally wrote the proposal for the show, Abe Ulmer, another host of CPT, Juanita Anderson, former executive producer of DBJ, Ron Scott, former producer and host of DBJ, and George Martin, who worked on CPT and DBJ.
Nigeria (October 31, 1989)
Guests: Sadiq Mohamed, Dean Johnson
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : James Jackson
Duration: 00:26:06
Description: This show is about Nigeria and American trade opportunities there. Michigan opened an African trade office in Nigeria in the previous year, and set record sales, prompting the discussion topic.

Guests are Sadiq Mohamed, the deputy minister of the Nigerian Ministry of Trade; and Dean Johnson, of the Michigan Export Development Authority.
Reparations Reparations (1990)
Guests: Ray Jenkins, Christopher Alston
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: In early 1865, shortly before the end of the Civil War, General William T. Sherman began distributing parcels of land confiscated from Confederate supporters to former slaves along the coast of South Carolina and Georgia. He also loaned army mules to the former slaves to help them farm their newly acquired land.
Wilson/Slocom/Edwards (February 19, 1990)
Guests: Blenda Wilson, Harriet Slocom, Walter Edwards, Dudley Randall
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : James Jackson
Duration: 00:27:42
Description: This show is about the decrease in blacks in higher education.
Guests include Dr. Harriet Slocom, the director of the urban teachers program at Wayne County Community College; Dr. Walter Edwards, assistant dean of the graduate school at Wayne State University; and Blenda Wilson, the chancellor of University of Michigan, Dearborn. There is also a short reading by Dudley Randall, a Detroit poet laureate, from his poem "Booker T. and W.E.B." that is interrupted by various performers reciting the poem.
Coleman Young (October 8, 1990)
Guests: Coleman A. Young
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:27:46
Description: This show is an interview with Detroit mayor Coleman Young.
Minister Rasul Muhammad (December 10, 1990)
Guests: Rasul Muhammad
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:29:21
Description: This show is an interview with Minister Rasul Muhammad, the Nation of Islam's local leader. Includes clips of a speech by Louis Farrakhan.
General Assistance Cuts, Part 1 General Assistance Cuts, Part 1 (1991)
Guests: Maryann Mahaffey, Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, Joan Doyen
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This program from the fall of 1991 is the first of two DBJ broadcasts examining one of the hot-button issues in Michigan at that time - the state's decision to balance its budget by slashing its spending on general assistance welfare.
General Assistance Cuts, Part 2 General Assistance Cuts, Part 2 (1991)
Guests: Sam Chambers, City Councilman Keith Butler, State Rep. Morris Hood, State Rep. David Hollister, State Sen. David Holmes
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This is the second of two DBJ programs broadcast in the fall of 1991 as cutbacks in Michigan's state budget were throwing 90,000 state residents off of the general assistance welfare rolls.
Us Helping Us Us Helping Us (1991)
Guests: Richard Trice, Cheryl Coleman
Host: Lonnie Peek
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This broadcast from the fall of 1991 is really a continuation of the discussion in two earlier programs about the impact on welfare programs of massive budget cuts by the state of Michigan. The cuts had thrown more than 90,000 people off general assistance welfare rolls.
Homeless (March 25, 1991)
Guests: John Engler, Otis Green, Maureen Taylor, Olivia Wilcox, Florida A & M Gospel Choir
Host: Trudy Gallant
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:28:46
Description: This show is about budget cuts in Michigan and how it is affecting the poor. The show starts with a statement from John Engler, governor of Michigan at the time; and ends with clips of A & M Gospel Choir.

Guests include Olivia Wilcox from the Coalition on Temporary Shelter; Sergeant Major Otis Green, bed and bread coordinator for the Salvation Army Harbor Light; Maureen Taylor, director of the community based restitution program; "Faith" of the Shepherd House, and some homeless people from the area that aren't named.
Black Governance & Programs (October 17, 1991)
Guests: Lynn Smith, Ron Hall, N. Charles Anderson
Host: Dennis Archer
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:29:13
Description: This show is about what educational, civic, and healthcare are available for young black people.

Guests include Lynn Smith, director of the Youth Advisory Commission; Ron Hall, assistant vice president of New Detroit, Inc; and N. Charles Anderson, president and CEO of the Detroit Urban League.
Black Consumers and Black Business Black Consumers and Black Business (1992)
Guests: Herschel Richey, Ricardo Solomon, Clifton R. Wharton
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Tony Mottley
Description: This program from the fall of 1992 examines the question of collective economics in the black community: Do African American consumers adequately support black-owned businesses, and if not, why not?
Black Enterprise 100 (June 15, 1992)
Guests: Don Barden
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:28:53
Description: This show is an interview with Don Barden after he was named one of the 100 most successful black business entities by Black Enterprise magazine.
Rev. Cecil Williams (November 30, 1992)
Guests: Cecil Williams
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:22:53
Description: This show is an interview with Reverend Cecil Williams. He founded the Liberation of Glide Memorial United Methodist Church, and is known not only as a minister, but also as an author, activist, and leader.
Civilian Conservation Corps (1993)
Guests: John Roundtree, Johnnie Johnson, William Elum
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:27:41
Description: This show is about the problem of unemployment and whether a CCC type government program is necessary and would work.
Guests include John Roundtree, president of the Detroit CCC; Johnnie Johnson, the founder of the Detroit CCC Alumni; and Reverend William Elum, chaplain of the Detroit CCC.
Detroit Auto Industry Detroit Auto Industry (1993)
Guests: Theresa Jones, Charles Harrell, Mel Farr, Nathan Conyers
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:27:56
Description: Originally broadcast in January 1993, the program consists of a roundtable discussion, moderated by host Cliff Russell, between four prominent African American auto dealers from the Detroit area: Mel Farr, a former star athlete with the Detroit Lions, owner of Mel Farr Ford, and chairman of the Black Auto Dealers Association; Charles Harrell, owner of Harrell Chevrolet; Theresa Jones, owner of Northwestern Dodge and former director of nursing at Henry Ford Hospital; and Nathan Conyers, owner of Riverside Ford. This program explores the status and progress of African Americans in the U.S. auto industry as the owners of auto dealerships.
Self Help Programs (1993)
Guests: David Gamlin, Clifton Morton
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:28:35
Description: This show is about black entrepreneurship.
Guests include David Gamlin, a board member of Joy of Jesus (an organization dedicated to helping urban youth succeed) and instructor for Detroit Center of Entrepreneurship, and Clifton Morton, a recent high school graduate and student at the Detroit Center for Entrepreneurship.
Domestic Financial Affairs (April 12, 1993)
Guests: George Johnson, David Robinson, Wanda Young, Agnes Patterson
Host: Alan Martin
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:29:26
Description: This show is about effective management of financial affairs.
Guests include CPA George Johnson; Agnes Patterson, a small business developer; attorney David Robinson; and Wanda Young, an insurance, life annuity, and mutual fund specialist. Guest host is Al Martin.
Blacks and the Auto Industry (July 12, 1993)
Guests: Mel Farr, Nathan Conyers, Chuck Harrell, Theresa Jones
Host: Cliff Russell
Producer : Carlota Almanza
Duration: 00:28:17
Description: This show is a discussion with local auto dealers.
Guests include Mel Farr, former football player and currently (at the time) chairman of National Black Automakers Association; Nathan Conyers of Riverside Ford; Chuck Harrell of Harrell Chevrolet; and Theresa Jones of Northwestern Dodge.
Berry Gordy Berry Gordy (1994)
Guests: Berry Gordy
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:27:47
Description: Founder of Motown Records, Berry Gordy is a legend in Detroit and around the country. Broadcast in 1994 as part of Gordy's tour to promote his autobiography, "To Be Loved," host Darryl Wood talks with Gordy about the early days of his career.
New Work for a New Generation (1994)
Guests: Mel Farr, Harold Martin
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:27:54
Description: This show about entrepreneurship, focuses on the lives and work of two black entrepreneurs -- Harold Martin, former racecar driver and automotive engineer, now CEO of MVP Footwear, an international African American shoe company Martin founded; and Mel Farr, former football player, now automobile dealership owner.
Black Business in Detroit (January 12, 1994)
Guests: Ricardo Solomon, Richard W. Shealey, Nezaa Bandele
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:28:12
Description: This show focuses on business, and considers solutions to inner city problems - specifically a joint venture between a bank and churches trying to spark development.

Guests include Wayne County Commissioner, Ricardo Solomon; Richard W. Shealey, president and chief executive officer of First Independence National Bank; and Nezaa Bandele, owner of Alkebulan Arts, a Detroit store that sells African cultural goods.
Money (March 30, 1994)
Guests: Terry Savage, Jessie Carney Smith
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:28:11
Description: This show is has segments on money management and the book "Black Firsts", and includes a tribute to Malcolm X from a 1979 episode.

Guests include Terry Savage, author and personal finance expert, and Jessie Carney Smith, the author of "Black Firsts".
Mel Farr Encore (May 4, 1994)
Guests: Mel Farr, Susan Taylor
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:28:10
Description: This show is an interview with Mel Farr, a car salesman and former football player; followed by a monologue from Susan Taylor, editor in chief of Essence Magazine.
Jesse Jackson (3) Jesse Jackson (3) (1995)
Guests: Lois Williams, Deborah Franklin, Jesse Jackson
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:27:47
Description: This 1995 program, most of which consists of an interview of Jesse Jackson by host Darryl Wood, is fascinating because of the light it sheds on the political atmosphere of the mid 1990s.
Dr. Claud Anderson (December 18, 1996)
Guests: Claud Anderson
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:26:46
Description: This show is an interview with Dr. Claud Anderson about his books on economic empowerment for blacks. Dr. Anderson is the president of PowerNomics Corporation of America, a company aimed at making African Americans more self-sufficient and competitive.
Glass Ceiling, Loida Lewis (April 2, 1997)
Guests: Loida Lewis
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:27:46
Description: This show is an interview with Loida Lewis about her husband's book and her view of corporate America. Loida Lewis is known as a lawyer, author, industrialist, philanthropist, and motivational speaker. She was also married to Reginald Lewis, the owner of the largest U.S. company to be owned by an African American.
Economic Development (June 25, 1997)
Guests: Anthony Neely, Gill Hill, Eddie Edwards, Charles Adams
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:27:46
Description: This show is about the role the black community will play in the economic redevelopment of Detroit.
Guests are Reverend Charles Adams of Hartford Memorial Baptist Church; Gill Hill, a Detroit City Council member; Anthony Neely, press secretary for mayor Dennis Archer; and Reverend Eddie Edwards from Joy of Jesus.
Cornel West Cornel West (1998)
Guests: Cornel West
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:25:49
Description: In this program, from 1998, host Darryl Wood interviews highly regarded African American scholar Cornel West about the publication of his recently published book, "Restoring Hope: Conversations on the Future of Black America." The book explores the meaning of community for African Americans and ideas for building a more hopeful future through a series of interviews with important public figures, such as Maya Angelou, Harry Belafonte, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Bill Bradley and Wynton Marsalis.

Roberts vs Texaco (April 1, 1998)
Guests: , Bari-Ellen Roberts
Host: Darryl Wood [bio]Darrell Wood hosted the show for ten years from 1988 to 1998 under the title American Black Journal. His shows sought to focus on the skills and talents of many of the nation's leading African-American business people to public television.

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Producer : Tony Mottley
Duration: 00:25:39
Description: This show is a an interview with Bari-Ellen Roberts about her legal battle with Texaco and her book, "Roberts vs. Texaco: A True Story of Race and Corporate America". Bari-Ellen Roberts lead the lawsuit against Texaco, which was the largest discrimination suit in history.